Simulation of Economic Systems


A Power Based Programme for Social Institutions

This Prolog programme describes the macro and micro levels of institutions. It works with action types and uses a basic notion of exercise of power on the micro and macro level. The main example was a publishing company. The programme was written by J. Tazarki.

Tazarki, J. (see now also under the name J. Sareiter). 1995. Künstliche Intelligenz in der Sozialwissenschaft am Beispiel
    einer sozialen Institution, Dissertation, University of Munich.
Balzer, W. 1990. A Basic Model for Social Institutions, Journal of Mathematical Sociology 16, 1-29.
Balzer, W. 1993. Soziale Institutionen, de Gruyter, Berlin.

A simulation programme for genetically steered exchange systems.

This program works on the mirco level of action-types. Some basic types of actions are dynamically changed by a genetic algorithm.

Pitz, T. 2000. Anwendung Genetischer Algorithmen auf Handlungsbäume in Multiagentensystemen zur Simulation von
    sozialen Handelns, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt/Main.

A simulation programme for the three economic features: produce, protect and predate.

Three kinds of utilities are distinguished for each actor. Each actor can produce, protect and predate ('PPP') commodities in variable quantities. Through a game theoretic equation an actor will execute just one of the three kinds of actions in one period.

Albert, A. and Balzer, W. 2000. Towards Computational Institutional Analysis: Discrete Simulation of a 3P-Model, in:
    Ballot, G. and Weisbuch, G. (eds.) Applications of Simulation of to Social Sciences, Hermes Science
    Publisher Ltd., Oxford, 195 - 208.